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Introduction to Breast Reconstruction Surgery

A number of plastic surgery techniques are available to effectively reconstruct the breast after loss of glandular tissue from breast cancer surgery. The options for reconstruction depend on whether a part of the glandular tissue is removed by lumpectomy, or all is lost following mastectomy. Other factors include the degree of skin envelope that is removed (a skin-sparing mastectomy may be suitable in some cases) and the general fitness and preferences of the patient.

Breast reconstruction usually requires a series of procedures to produce the optimal cosmetic result. During the first stage the breast mound is recreated using either a flap of tissue moved from another part of the body, an implant or a combination of both. A second stage is usually needed to produce symmetry with the normal breast and to reconstruct a nipple, if desired. In some cases further final adjustment may also be needed.

Breast Reconstruction: Implant or Expander
Breast Reconstruction: Latissimus Dorsi flap
Breast Reconstruction: TRAM / DIEP free-flap
Nipple Reconstruction and Surgery to Produce Breast Symmetry

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